Subjects

The Department of Architecture is "Course 4." The method of assigning numbers to classes is to write the course number in Arabic numerals followed by a period and three digits, which are used to differentiate courses. Most classes retain the same number from year to year. Architecture groups its numbers by discipline group.

Downloads
Spring 2019 Class Schedule — last updated 2/22/2019
Spring 2019 End-of-Term Reviews and Exams Chart — last updated 1/23/2019
Spring 2019 Final Exam + Review Schedule — last updated 2/26/2019
Current Pre-Thesis and Thesis Registration information — last updated 6/5/2018

Institute Class Schedule
Department End-of-Term Policy

Independent Project Study Form

instructors
units
3-1-5 G
schedule
W 2-5 (7-429 (Long Lounge))
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note: this class will now meet in 7-429 (Long Lounge) for the term

instructors
units
3-0-0 G
schedule
M 9-12 (3-329)
prerequisites
description

Explores initial thesis ideas and bases for choosing among multiple interests. Assessment of design research strengths and weaknesses. Overview of conceptual frameworks and research methods. Preparation for summer field research and proposal development.

Note: meets with 4.686, 4.687

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
F 9-12 (3-329)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Students select thesis topic, define method of approach, and prepare thesis proposal for SMArchS degree (Design). Faculty supervision on an individual or group basis. Intended for SMArchS program students prior to registration for 4.ThG.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
F 10:30-12:30 (E15-207)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Aids students in the selection of a thesis topic, development of an approach method, preparation of a proposal that includes an outline for their thesis. Explores artistic practice as a method of critical inquiry and knowledge production/dissemination. Students examine artist writings and consider academic formats and standards.

instructors
Supervisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Selection of thesis topic, definition of method of approach, and preparation of thesis proposal. Independent study supplemented by individual conference with faculty.

instructors
Supervisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Selection of thesis topic, definition of method of approach, and preparation of thesis proposal. Independent study supplemented by individual conference with faculty.

instructors
units
3-0-3 G
schedule
F 2:30-5:30 (9-450)
prerequisites
4.221 or permission of instructor
description

2/22/19 - schedule change to F 2:30-5:30 in room 9-450

Preliminary study in preparation for the thesis for the SMArchS degree in Computation. Topics include literature search, precedents examination, thesis structure and typologies, and short writing exercise.

instructors
Advisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Selection of thesis topic, definition of method of approach, and preparation of thesis proposal in computation. Independent study supplemented by individual conference with faculty.

instructors
units
0-1-2 G
schedule
M 9-12 (3-329)
prerequisites
4.221; 4.619 or 4.621
description

Preliminary study in preparation for the thesis for the SMArchS degree in the Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture. Topics include literature search, precedents examination, thesis structure and typologies, and short writing exercise.

Note: meets with 4.286, 4.687

instructors
units
0-1-2 G
schedule
M 9-12 (3-329)
prerequisites
4.221 and 4.661
description

Preliminary study in preparation for the thesis for the SMArchS degree in History, Theory and Criticism. Topics include literature search, precedents examination, thesis structure and typologies, and short writing exercise.

Note: meets with 4.286, 4.686

instructors
Advisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Required for doctoral students in HTC as a prerequisite for work on the doctoral dissertation. Prior to candidacy, doctoral students are required to write and orally defend a proposal laying out the scope of their thesis, its significance, a survey of existing research and literature, the methods of research to be adopted, a bibliography and plan of work.

instructors
Advisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Program of research and writing of thesis; to be arranged by the student with supervising committee.

instructors
Advisor
units
0-1-11 U
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
4.119 or 4.THT
description

Program of thesis research leading to the writing of an SB thesis, to be arranged by the student and an appropriate MIT faculty member.

instructors
units
TBA U
schedule
see supervisor ()
prerequisites
description

Research and project activities, which cover the range represented by the various research interests and projects in the Department.

This subject is pass/fail — students who wish a letter grade option for their work must register for 4.URG.

instructors
units
TBA U
schedule
see supervisor ()
prerequisites
description

Research and project activities, which cover the range represented by the various research interests and projects in the department.

Students who wish to have pass/fail instead of a grade must register for 4.UR.

Architecture and Urbanism

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
MW 2-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note: class will meet in studio (exact room # TBA) *not* in IDC N52

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
MW 2-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.021 or 4.02A
description

This class introduces students to the creative design process through acts of making & breaking. The studio environment provides a dynamic laboratory to explore ideas related to form, space, materials, systems, and structures through physical, project-based activities. This class emphasizes the translation of concepts into constructs--thinking through making, and making through thinking.

instructors
units
0-12-12 U
schedule
TRF 1-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.023, 4.401, 4.500
description

Provides instruction in architectural design and project development with an emphasis on social, cultural, or civic programs. Builds on foundational design skills with more complex constraints and contexts. Integrates aspects of architectural theory, building technology, and computation into the design process.

instructors
Benjamin Fry
units
3-3-6 U / 2-4-6 G
schedule
F 9-12 (N52-337 (IDC))
prerequisites
4.022
description

Provides an introduction to working with information, data and visualization in a hands-on studio learning environment. Studies the history and theory of information, followed by a series of projects in which students apply the ideas directly. Progresses though basic data analysis, visual design and presentation, and more sophisticated interaction techniques.

instructors
Christophe Guberan
units
3-3-6 G
schedule
TR 2-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.031 or permission of instructor
description

2/5/2019 - first meeting Tues., 2/5 in 7-434 studio

instructors
units
3-3-6 U / 1-2-9 G
schedule
F 2-5, T 7-9 (N52-337 (IDC), N52-337 (IDC))
prerequisites
4.031 or permission of instructor
description

2/7/2019 - graduate meets-with subject 4.s02 added

UG: register for 4.043
Grad: register for 4.s02

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
M 9-12, W 9-12 (5-216, 5-233)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Visual communication guides the essential understanding of a person and the experience they are interacting with. A holistic problem-solving process, visual communication aims on the one hand to adapt consumer goods to the users’ needs, and on the other to meet the demands of market and corporate identity for the business.

instructors
units
2-0-10 U
schedule
M 10-12, W 7-9 (3 sections) (Lec: E14-633, Lab 1: 1-371, Lab 2: 1-375, Lab 3: 1-379)
prerequisites
description

Additional work required of students taking the graduate version of the subject.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 U/G
schedule
W 2-5 (1-134)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

U: 4.118; G: 4.117

instructors
units
2-2-5 U/G
schedule
WF 9:30-11 (N51-160)
prerequisites
G: Permission of instructor
description

U: 4.125; G: 4.120

instructors
units
2-2-5 G
schedule
F 9-12 (3-133)
prerequisites
description

Fosters a holistic understanding of the architectural-building cycle, enabling students to build upon the history of design and construction to make informed decisions towards developing innovative building systems. Includes an overview of materials, processing methods, and their formation into building systems across cultures.

instructors
units
0-12-9 G
schedule
TRF 1-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.151
description

Builds on Core I skills and expands the constraints of the architectural problem to include issues of urban site logistics, cultural and programmatic material (inhabitation and human factors), and long span structures.

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-6 or RF 1-6 (TBD) (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

Offers a broad range of advanced-level investigations in architectural design in various contexts, including international sites. Integrates theoretical and technological discourses into specific topics.

instructors
Alexander D'Hooghe
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
RF 1-6 (7-404 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

SINGULAR FORMS FOR METROPOLITAN MULTIMODALITY: DESIGNS FOR AN ANTWERP MODEL OF HIGH-TECH SPACE NODES

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-6 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

Consider 1989, the annus mirabilis of Eastern European peoples, the triumph of democracy, at least west of Moscow and east of the Elbe. Philosopher Francis Fukuyama thought the events of 1989, also known as the fall of the wall, or the fall of communism, marked the end of history.

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-6 (studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

The studio will explore "thresholds” and a range of threshold conditions found in architecture and daily life. A threshold is on the verge of, the opening to, the locus of, and, point of departure, it is also multi-scalar, spatial and manifested materially.

instructors
Dan Wood, Sam Ghantous
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-6 (7-404 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

We are at a critical moment in the history of both working and living. It is not clear how or where — or even if — people will work in the future, but it is already clear that as technology evolves, working and living will become even more intertwined.

instructors
Linna Choi, Tarik Oualalou, Maya Shopova
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
R 1-6, F 1-5 (7-403 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

The University of Al-Quaraouiyine, located in Fes, Morocco, is the oldest existing and operating university in the world.  Founded in 859, the university is one of the leading educational centers in the Muslim World.  The university espouses traditional modes of learning within an ancient and sophisticated architectural structure ensconced in the heart of the old medina of Fès.

instructors
Lorena Bello, Brent Ryan
units
0-18-0 G
schedule
TR 1-6 (10-485)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Design studio that includes architects and city planners working in teams on a contemporary development project of importance in China, particularly in transitional, deindustrializing cities. Students analyze conditions, explore alternatives, and synthesize architecture, city design, and implementation plans.

instructors
units
3-0-6 U/G
schedule
W 6-9 (3-329)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

“To give form to the precarious, is to attest to the fragility of life, the awareness of which compels me to be present, to be attentive, to be open; it compels me to be active.”

-Thomas Hirschhorn

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
M 1-4 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

1/24/19 — note schedule change from W 2-5 in room 5-232 to M 1-4 in room 5-216

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Subject canceled for Spring 2019

instructors
units
3-0-9 U/G / 3-0-6 G
schedule
TR 11-12:30 (3-133)
prerequisites
G: 4.252J or 11.001J or permission of instructor
description

U: 4.251; G: 4.251J or 11.330Examines the complex development of cities through history by tracing a diachronic accumulation of forms and spaces in specific cities, and showing how significant ideas were made manifest across distinct geographies and cultures.

instructors
Marie Law Adams
units
2-0-7 G
schedule
W 9-11 (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Seminar meeting: W 9-11in 10-401 except for five lecture dates (below) which meet M 6-8 in 9-255, City Arena

instructors
Dennis Frenchman, Gilad Rosenzweig
units
2-4-6 G
schedule
W 5-7, F 9-1 (7-336, 9-451)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Students work in entrepreneurial teams to advance innovative ideas, products, services, and firms oriented to design and the built environment. Lectures, demonstrations, and presentations are supplemented by workshop time, when teams interact individually with instructors and industry mentors, and by additional networking events and field trips.

instructors
Brent Ryan
units
2-0-7 G
schedule
W 2-4 (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Are there multiple urban designs, and if so, which one is ‘correct’?

What urban design principles best fit different human environments, old and new?

How can good urban design occur in democratic, decentralized settings?

instructors
Larry Vale
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
M 3-6 (10-401)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Examines ways urban design contributes to distribution of political power and resources in cities. Investigates the nature of relations between built form and political purposes through close study of a wide variety of situations where public sector design commissions and planning processes have been clearly motivated by political pressures.

instructors
Dennis Frenchman, Kairos Shen
units
6-0-12 G
schedule
MW 2:30-5:30, M 6-7:30 (10-485)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Focuses on the synthesis of urban, mixed-use real estate projects, including the integration of physical design and programming with finance and marketing. Interdisciplinary student teams analyze how to maximize value across multiple dimensions in the process of preparing professional development proposals for sites in US cities and internationally.

instructors
Mary Anne Ocampo
units
6-0-9 G
schedule
W 5:30-7:30, F 9-12 (10-485)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Introduces a range of practical approaches involved in evaluating and planning sites within the context of natural and cultural systems. Develops the knowledge and skills to analyze and plan a site for development through exercises and an urban design project.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
T 9-11 (9-450A)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note: Schedule change from M 9-11 to T 9-11 in room 9-450

instructors
Gilad Rosenzweig, David Rose
units
3-0-3 G
schedule
W 2-5 (9-217)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

This is a half-term subject: February 5-March 22

Art Culture and Technology

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
MW 9:30-12:30 (E15-207)
prerequisites
description

This course introduces artistic practice and critical visual thinking through three studio-based projects using different scales and media—for instance, “Body Extension,” “Shaping Time,” “Public Making,” and/or “Networked Cultures.” Each project concludes with a final presentation and critique.

instructors
Azra Aksamija, Cherie Abbanat
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
TR 9-12 (E15-207)
prerequisites
4.111 or 4.021 or 4.02A
description

Develops an introductory foundation in artistic practice and its critical analysis, and develops artistic approaches and methods by drawing analogies to architectural thinking, urbanism, and design practice. Covers how to communicate ideas and experiences on different scales and through two-dimensional, three-dimensional, and time-based media in new genres.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G
schedule
TR 9:30-12:30 (E15-001, E15-070, E15-283A)
prerequisites
UG: 4.314: 4.301 or 4.302 or permission of instructor; G: permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.314; G: 4.315

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G
schedule
TR 2-5 (E15-054)
prerequisites
G: permission of instructor
description

This introductory course in photography and related media provides practical instructions in the fundamentals of various camera formats, film exposure and processing, black and white darkroom printing and digital imaging.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G
schedule
TR 2-5 (E15-070 (Bartos))
prerequisites
UG: 4.301 or 4.302 or 4.354 or permission of instructor G: 4.355 or permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.356; G: 4.357

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G
schedule
TW 2-5 (E15-001)
prerequisites
UG: 4.301 or 4.302 or permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.361; G: 4.362

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G
schedule
MW 9:30-12:30 (E15-207)
prerequisites
UG: 4.301 or 4.302 or permission of instructor; G: permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.373; G: 4.374

instructors
units
3-3-6 G
schedule
MF 2-5 (E15-001)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Explores the theory and criticism of intersections between art, culture, and technology in relation to contemporary artistic practice, critical design, and media. Students consider methods of investigation, documentation, and display and explore modes of communication across disciplines.

instructors
units
3-3-6 G
schedule
T 7-10 (E15-001, E15-070)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

12/18/2018 - schedule change to T 7-10 pm in rooms E15-001 / E15-070

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
T 9:30-12:30 (E15-054)
prerequisites
4.341 or 4.342 or permission of instructor
description

This advanced photography course is designed for students who already have some experience in photography and/or other artistic visual practice. The course focuses on the production of image-based art as a response to socio-political contexts, while bridging the gap between analog, digital and new technologies.

Building Technology

instructors
units
3-2-7 G / 3-2-4 G
schedule
MW 2-3:30, F 9:30-11 (5-415)
prerequisites
description

Consensus understanding of climate change identifies a need to drastically reduce anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases in coming decades, including those associated with buildings.

instructors
units
3-1-5 G / 3-1-8 G
schedule
TR 9:30-11, R 11-12 (1-150, 1-132)
prerequisites
4.401 or 4.464 or permission of instructor
description

Studies natural and electric lighting in an architectural context. Promotes the integration of occupant comfort, energy efficiency and daylight availability throughout the design process, with an emphasis on the role light can play in shaping architecture.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U / 3-2-4 G
schedule
MW 9:30-11, 4.440: F 9:30-11:30, 4.462: M 3-5 (3-333, 4.440: 8-205, 4.462: 5-134)
prerequisites
UG: 18.02; G: Permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.440; G: 4.462

instructors
Caitlin Mueller, Renaud Danhaive
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
F 9-12 (4-261)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

This research seminar focuses on applications of machine learning for creative design generation and data-informed design exploration, with an emphasis on visual and 3d generative systems. Throughout the semester, we will explore how recent advances in artificial intelligence, and specifically machine learning, can offer humans more natural, performance-driven design processes.

instructors
Christoph Reinhart, Khadija Benis
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
R 2-5 (5-415 BT Conf. Room)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

This seminar explores the environmental impacts of our food choices and their potential mitigation through high-yield urban agriculture. Weekly sessions will initially guide students through the process of quantifying their individual, food-related carbon emissions.

Computation

instructors
units
2-3-7 U/G / 2-3-4 G
schedule
T 9-11, R 9-11 (N52-399 (IDC))
prerequisites
UG: 4.500; G: permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.501; G: 4.511

instructors
units
2-2-8 U/G
schedule
()
prerequisites
UG: 4.500; G: permission of instructor
description

SUBJECT CANCELED FOR SPRING 2019

UG: 4.504; G: 4.564

instructors
units
3-2-7 U/G / 3-2-4 G
schedule
R 10-11:30, R 11:30-1 (3-442)
prerequisites
description

U: 4.507; G: 4.567

instructors
units
3-0-9 U / 3-0-6 G
schedule
T 9:30-12:30 (5-231)
prerequisites
description

UG: 4.520; G: 4.521

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
M 9:30-12:30 (1-242)
prerequisites
4.540
description

An in-depth introduction to shape grammars and their applications in architecture and related areas of design. Shapes in the algebras Ui j, in the algebras Vi j and Wi j incorporating labels and weights, and in algebras formed as composites of these. Rules and computations. Shape and structure. Designs.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
T 9:30-12:30 (5-232)
prerequisites
For 4.542: 4.541 or permission of instructor; for 4.582: 4.580 or permission of instructor
description

4.542:

instructors
units
3-2-7 U / 2-2-8 G
schedule
M 11-2, T 7-8:30 (8-205, 3-329)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

U: 4.550; G: 4.570

Have you been to Japan's ancient capital, Kyoto? Is there are a good way to represent or enhance the experience of important locations by using contemporary technologies such as mobile apps, or virtual and augmented reality?

instructors
units
2-2-2 G / 2-2-5 G / 2-2-8 G
schedule
W 5-7 (7-304)
prerequisites
4.562, 4.564 or permission of instructor
description

Develop independent projects in the study of digital media as it relates to architectural design. Students propose a project topic such as digital design tool, modeling and visualization, motion graphics, interactive design, design knowledge representation and media interface.

instructors
units
2-2-5 G
schedule
M 10:30-12, R 10:30-12 (N52-399 (IDC), N52-337 (IDC))
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Explores how computational design can respond to contemporary challenges of user-centered design, focusing on the role of tools and materials for computational fabrication in design prototyping and testing.

instructors
units
2-2-5 G
schedule
W 2-5, M 3-5 (5-233, 1-246)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note: this subject was incorrectly listed as 4.s52 (which is a different class).

History Theory and Criticism

instructors
units
4-0-8 U / 3-0-6 G
schedule
MW 9:30-11, R01: W 12-1, R02: F 12-1 (3-133 Lec, 5-216 Rec, 5-216 Rec)
prerequisites
description

UG: 4.602; G: 4.652

2/4/19 update — there will no longer be a graduate recitation (R01, previously scheduled R 10-11).

instructors
Christian Hedrick
units
4-0-8 U/G
schedule
MW 11-12:30, R01: W 1-2, R02: F 11-12 (Lecture: 3-133, R01: 5-216, R02: 5-216)
prerequisites
description

UG: 4.605; G: 4.650

Provides an outline of the history of architecture and urbanism from ancient times to the early modern period. Analyzes buildings as the products of culture and in relation to the special problems of architectural design. Stresses the geopolitical context of buildings and in the process familiarizes students with buildings, sites and cities from around the world.

instructors
units
3-0-6, 3-0-9G
schedule
T 2-5 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

The destruction of cities has historically been an act of punishment, retribution, projection of absolute power, or a fulfillment of an oath, dream, or divine intervention.  In modern times, new factors entered the causative inventory that have to do with the enormous advances in the technologies and strategies of destruction and reconstruction coupled with the modernist philosophical and legal

instructors
units
3-0-9 U/G
schedule
T 9-12 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

UG: 4.622; G: 4.623

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
F 1-4 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Advanced seminar. Looks at architecture and planning doctrines in what has come to be known as the “development decades,” the high period of state intervention into so-called Third World economies under the aegis of the Bretton Woods exchange system (c.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
MW 11-12:30 (5-234)
prerequisites
4.210 or permission of instructor
description

General study of modern architecture as a response to important technological, cultural, environmental, aesthetic, and theoretical challenges after the European Enlightenment.

instructors
units
5-0-7 U
schedule
TR 2-3:30, R01: W 10-11, R02: F 10-11 (3-133, R01: 3-329, R02: 5-216)
prerequisites
description

GIR: CI-H, HASS-CI, HASS-A

instructors
Advisor
units
1-14-15 G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Required of doctoral students in HTC as a prerequisite for work on the doctoral dissertation. The qualifying paper is a scholarly article fit to be published in a peer-reviewed journal that is the result of research in the history, theory and criticism of architecture and art. Topic may not be in the area of the proposed thesis.

instructors
Advisor
units
1-26-27 G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Required of doctoral students in HTC as a prerequisite for work on the doctoral dissertation. The Major Exam covers a historically broad area of interest and includes components of history, historiography, and theory. Preparation for the exam will focus on four or five themes agreed upon in advance by the student and the examiner, and are defined by their area of teaching interest.

instructors
Advisor
units
1-14-15 G
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Required of doctoral students in HTC as a prerequisite for work on the doctoral dissertation. The Minor Exam focuses on a specific area of specialization through which the student might develop their particular zone of expertise. Work is done in consultation with HTC faculty, in accordance with the HTC PhD Degree Program Guidelines.