Fog Reservoir experiments with a material and emerging technology at MIT, called the MIT Fog Harvesting Mesh. The finely woven metal textile has been able to increase typical fog-collection efficiency by 500%, significantly increasing the volume of potable water that can be collected from fog. With this, the project addresses two core questions in relation to infrastructure. Firstly, can a technical infrastructure (a fog harvesting mesh) be designed - relating to geographical, social and cultural context? Secondly, can a technical infrastructure be leveraged to create a space of social exchange?
Furthermore, Valle de Guadalupe, is characterized by two major geographical features. The site receives a thick fog every morning off the Pacific Ocean, this mass collecting in the valley. Secondly, the composition of winery and neighborhoods is linear by virtue of a main road that connects Ensenada to the Valle. These two characteristics make way for two pivotal programmatic possibilities - the ability to harvest water from the abundance of fog in the region and the accessibility to this resource to mobilize a local sharing economy. Fog Reservoir, with its undulations, collects more than 2,000 liters of potable water a day, this is more than double what a linear rendition of this composition would collect. This creates both a public resource and access to clean water, while also having the capacity to support a cooperative winery that hosts 3 local vineyards - each winery being able to experiment with and produce 400 cases a year. In addition, the winery is designed to provide maximum shade throughout the day.
The project suggests winery as a scalable and modular infrastructure to provide a shared resource of water. The lightweight, trussed tubular steel and rebar structure provides a common and locally sourced material and trade in the region. In this way, Fog Reservoir is a prototypical architecture that can populate the region to offer the resources of water, shade and public space to areas in need.