Project
MADRID.AZCA.

In 2006, the City Hall of Madrid organized a competition for the rehabilitation of AZCA: one of the most important business centers in Spain. This project won the First Prize.

AZCA was built in the 1950s, in order to decentralize the commerce and the business activity from the down town and create a big business center in the periphery of Madrid. Azca has today a very strategic location the city.
Metropolitan scale:
At the metropolitan scale, the main problem is that AZCA is totally disconnected from the city. In order to solve the problems at this scale, the first intervention is to transform the public space of AZCA into a park. In that way, AZCA will recover its meaning in the city. This first decision will generate a new order in the important axe of Paseo del Prado_Castellana, creating an artificial urban landscape that will complete the system of green spaces of Madrid.The proposal is revealed as a park that hosts a building underneath.

Local scale:
From the local point of view, Our proposal aims to improve AZCA from three different points of view:
1-Circulation and connections:
The project will integrate the complex with the rest of the city by generating new and more attractive accesses to the complex; and it will improve the public space inside the complex, by making it more clear.
2-Program and activities:
The proposal incorporates new activities (leisure, cultural, and sports) which will enlarge the time frame of activity.
3-Public Space:
The proposal connects the public space with the lower levers of the building to provide unity and identity.

The project consists in two main strategies:
1-Strategy 1: The Blanket
The first strategy removes all the different levels that existed in the site; (levels that had no connections and no activity), and locates over the emptied space a continuous plane, that will unify and improve the communications of the block with the city and the connections inside the block.
We called that plane “The blanket”.
The blanket is a continuous surface that occupies space between buildings. The blanket has two sides:
On top of the blanket there is the Artificial Landscape:
a park, a new space for the city that will host new activities in the open air that will activate AZCA.
The artificial landscape integrates the nature in the city and provides AZCA with a public space of which right now lacks. It reinforces the idea of connection and accessibility.
Under the blanket, we generate the Program Container: a huge building which roof is an urban park. The building will have a very large scale that will give a new identity to AZCA and it will contain a broad range of uses: commercial, sport and cultural, that will reactivate the site.
2-Strategy 2: Expropriation System.
The second strategy consists on the transformation of the lower levels of the buildings that currently are not accessible for the public into spaces of public use that will allow connections in between the different parts of the park and will also be the entries for the big building that we have underneath.
For doing that we proposed to expropriate the two first levels of the existing towers buildings. The owners will be compensated either with money, or more surface in the new building or air rights.

PROJECT TEAM:
Cristina Parreño and Gonzalo Pardo

COLLABORATORS:
Joaquin Pardo, Monica Bujalance, Jorge Lopez.