The Shadow Winery | Core 3

This proposal for a winery in Valle de Guadalupe is driven by two production processes: that of wine and that of water, where the former cannot occur without the latter. Architecturally, these production processes are integrated within two volumes that occupy a common ground at the top of the gully. The first volume is a seven storey wall where all the water production occurs. Water is not only collected from fog through the large surface area of the wall, but also from the residents who inhabit the tower. The second volume, adjacent to the first such as to be in its shadow, takes the form of an open plan warehouse that is populated with small rooms attributed to each step of the the wine production process. The processes of production are also manifested through both buildings’ respective structural concept, facade system, and spatial distribution.

Structural concept:
The water producing residential tower requires large surface area. Taking the the form of a large, wedge shaped wall, the tower combats wind forces through a lateral truss system. This lateral truss system transitions from a concrete structure, the core, that contains individual private rooms, to a steel structure of open air social spaces within the fog mesh. The winery, on the other hand is a single but generous storey that resists vertical forces through a vertical truss system. This truss system, placed at the perimeter, allows the winery a large open plan, in the likeness of a factory, which facilitates the free movement of people, water, and wine.

Facade Concept:
The facade concept directly relates to the two spatial requirements of water production: collecting water, and storing water. While water is collected in the facade of the residential tower, it is stored in the facade of the winery, in this way, the water production process frames life in the tower and frames wine production in the winery. The residential tower’s envelope is composed of steel mesh that collects water from fog at dawn creating an impromptu space for showering, while during the remainder of the day, an outdoor sitting space. The collected water from the tower is stored in cisterns that makeup the perimeter of the wine production building. The cisterns move about on rails as they circumnavigate the winery, they also provide additional thermal protection by blocking direct sunlight.

Spatial Distribution:
The structural system coupled with the facade system have unique spatial implication that create two very different conditions in each building. While the life within the residential truss is a sequence of rigidly delimited triangular rooms enveloped in a productive and inhabitable mesh facade, the winery is a one storey open plan where the free circulation of people, water, and wine is allowed. While one space thins horizontally culminating at a 4ft wide lookout, the other maintains a constant width but its ceiling lowers culminating at a horizontal strip window. Both spatial extremes occur as to frame a view to the Valle de Guadalupe.