Architecture Design Option Studio — Accelerated Urbanism (Mazereeuw)

4.145 or 4.153
Required of: 

Accelerated Urbanism: Building Resilience and Industrial Symbiosis in Indian Cities

Instructors – Miho Mazereeuw, Richard Roth, Aditya Barve

Currently India produces about 81 Million tons of steel per year. According to the objectives stated in the “Draft National Steel Policy 2012,” crude steel production by 2026 needs to be 275 million tons in order to meet the domestic demand. These new projects will eventually need massive infrastructural requirements as well as a large labor force and will end up urbanizing the areas around them. In the past, as the government report states, the growth of the industry “has come at a substantial cost to the environment and local communities.” The rapid urbanization around industry also poses the threat of “social tensions” which can to certain degree be attributed by urbanization pattern and class inequalities inherent in an industrial urban setting.

Kalinganagar, located in the Jajpur district of Orissa, is one such site set to be the hub of steel production in the country. Tata Steel’s plant with its proposed 6 MTPA capacity is projected to be the largest amongst all the steel and stainless-steel plants in the Kalinganagar industrial area. Scheduled to go operational by the end of 2014, TATA steel alone would create 5000 direct jobs. In addition to that, an unspecified number of contract-workers will be needed for unskilled jobs and maintenance work in the plant. Some 30000 workers will also be employed as construction labor for the completion of phase II of the KPO project. This spur of industrial activity has already started to influence the regional development and it is anticipated that the Kalinganagar Industrial Area will be developed for a population of over 1 million by 2025.

Kalinganagar sits in a watershed of Brahmani River. This watershed is categorized as one with extremely high flood occurrences and according to the World Resources Institute, it has flooded 35 times between 1985 and 2011.[[1]] The flood risk will become severe in the future with increased urbanization and changing global environment. In addition to this, the coastal area of Orissa receives tropical cyclones every season, greatly increasing the risks of post cyclone flash floods and storm surges. During the Super Cyclone of 1999, 1.5 million families were affected in Jajpur district alone[2].

This studio will investigate these effects of both industrialization and climatological risks in an urban design studio.  Co-taught with the director of the Material Systems Lab, there will be an inquiry into the potential of industrial symbiosis at multiple scales of development.  There will be a trip to India during spring break to visit the site, meet with the Chief Town Planner, and visit Tata Steel along with a short stop in Mumbai to meet with faculty from IITB and to see the city.

[[1]] Gassert, F., M. Landis, M. Luck, P. Reig, and T. Shiao. 2013. “Aqueduct Global Maps 2.0.” Working Paper. Washington, DC: World Resources Institute.

[[2]] Suhrid Shankar Chattopadhyay, “Killer Cyclone,” Frontline, Nov. 13 - 26, 1999, Volume 16 - Issue 24,