Subjects

The Department of Architecture is "Course 4." The method of assigning numbers to classes is to write the course number in Arabic numerals followed by a period and three digits, which are used to differentiate courses. Most classes retain the same number from year to year. Architecture groups its numbers by discipline group.

Downloads
Current Pre-Thesis and Thesis Registration information — last updated 5/5/2020
Institute Class Schedule
Fall 2021 End-of-Term Reviews and Exams Chart (10/19/2021)

Department End-of-Term Policy
Independent Project Study Form

instructors
units
urb: 3-0-6G / comp: 2-0-4 G / design: 3-0-6 G / G
schedule
urb: W 5-7, comp: T 4-7, design: F 9-12 (urb: 5-216, comp: 5-232, design: 4-144)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Students select thesis topic, define method of approach, and prepare thesis proposal for SMArchS degree. Faculty supervision on an individual or group basis. Intended for SMArchS program students prior to registration for 4.ThG.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
F 10-12 (E15-207)
prerequisites
4.388
description

Series of tutorials that includes regular presentations of student writing in group critiques and supports independent thesis research and development by providing guidance on research strategy and written presentation. Sessions supplemented by regular individual conferences with thesis committee members.

instructors
Advisor
units
TBA G
schedule
see advisor (see advisor)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Program of research and writing of thesis; to be arranged by the student with supervising committee. 

instructors
Cherie Abbanat
units
3-0-9 U
schedule
F 12-2 (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Designed for students writing a thesis in Urban Studies and Planning or Architecture. Develop research topics, review relevant research and scholarship, frame research questions and arguments, choose an appropriate methodology for analysis, and draft introductory and methodology sections.

instructors
Advisor
units
0-1-11 U
schedule
see advisor ()
prerequisites
4.THT
description

Program of thesis research leading to the writing of an SB thesis, to be arranged by the student and an appropriate MIT faculty member. Intended for seniors. Twelve units recommended.

instructors
Larry Sass, Coordinator
units
TBA U
schedule
see supervisor ()
prerequisites
description

Research and project activities, which cover the range represented by the various research interests and projects in the Department.

This subject is pass/fail — students who wish a letter grade option for their work must register for 4.URG.

instructors
Larry Sass, Coordinator
units
TBA U
schedule
see supervisor ()
prerequisites
description

Research and project activities, which cover the range represented by the various research interests and projects in the department. Students who wish a letter grade option for their work must register for 4.URG.

Architecture and Urbanism

instructors
units
1-1-1 U
schedule
()
prerequisites
description

Class canceled for Fall 2021.

instructors
Skylar Tibbits, Rania Kaadan
units
2-0-7 G
schedule
MW 2-5 (N52-342C (IDC))
prerequisites
description

Introduces fundamental design principles as a way to demystify design and provide a basic introduction to all aspects of the process. Stimulates creativity, abstract thinking, representation, iteration, and design development.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
MW 2-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.021 or 4.02A
description

Introduces the tools, techniques and technologies of design across a range of projects in a studio environment. Explores concepts related to form, function, materials, tools, and physical environments through project-based exercises. Develops familiarity with design process, critical observation, and the translation of design concepts into digital and physical reality.

instructors
Miho Mazereeuw, Cherie Abbanat
units
0-12-12 U
schedule
TRF 1-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.022
description

Provides instruction in architectural design and project development within design constraints including architectural program and site. Students engage the design process through various 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional media. Working directly with representational and model making techniques, students gain experience in the conceptual, formal, spatial and material aspects of architecture.

instructors
units
0-12-12 U
schedule
TRF 1-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
4.024 and 4.440
description

Provides instruction in more advanced architectural design projects. Students develop integrated design skills as they negotiate the complex issues of program, site, and form in a specific cultural context. Focuses on how architectural concepts and ideas translate into built environments that transform the public sphere. Studio designed to prepare students for graduate studies in the field.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
R 2-5, T 7-9 (N52-342C (IDC))
prerequisites
4.022
description

Overview of design as the giving of form, order, and interactivity to the objects that define our daily life. Follows the path from project to interactive product. Covers the overall design process, preparing students for work in a hands-on studio learning environment. Emphasizes design development and constraints.

instructors
units
2-2-8 U
schedule
F 9-12 (1-150)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note: room change from 5-233 to 1-150

 

instructors
Bo-won Keum
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
T 9-12 (in person), R 7-10 (virtual) (N52-391 (IDC), Zoom)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

This studio course provides an introduction to visual communication.

instructors
units
2-2-5 G
schedule
M 2-5 (4-145)
prerequisites
description

Intensive introduction to architectural design tools and process, taught through a series of short exercises. Covers a broad range of topics relating to the discourse of geometry as the basis of architectural design process. Focuses on projective drawings, explicit 3D modeling, and the reciprocity between representation and materialization.

instructors
units
2-2-5 U
schedule
WF 10-11:30 (N51-160)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Provides instruction in designing and building a functional piece of furniture from an original design. Develops woodworking techniques from use of traditional hand tools to digital fabrication. Gives students the opportunity to practice design without using a building program or code.

instructors
units
3-3-6 G
schedule
R 9-12 (5-231)
prerequisites
description

Note: Schedule change from R 2-5 to R 9-12

instructors
Jennifer OBrien, Neil Gershenfeld
units
3-9-6 G
schedule
W 1-4, R 5-9 (E14-633)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Provides a practical hands-on introduction to digital fabrication, including CAD/CAM/CAE, NC machining, 3-D printing and scanning, molding and casting, composites, laser and waterjet cutting, PCB design and fabrication; sensors and actuators; mixed-signal instrumentation, embedded processing, and wired and wireless communications.

instructors
Deborah Garcia, Brandon Clifford, Sanford Biggers, Jeffrey Landman, Mohamad Nahleh
units
0-12-9 G
schedule
TRF 1-5 (7-434 studio)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Explores the foundations of design through a series of bracketed methods of production. These methods exercise topics such as form, space, organization, structure, circulation, use, tectonics, temporality, and experience. Students develop methods of representation that span from manual to virtual and from canonical to experimental.

instructors
Sheila Kennedy, Jeremy Jih, Rami el Samahy
units
0-12-9 G
schedule
TRF 1-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.152
description

Interdisciplinary approach to design through studio design problems that engage the domains of building technology, computation, and the cultural/historical geographies of energy.

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
tent. TRF 1-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

"Architecture emerged from the earth. From its extraction and cultivation, and the effort to move its parts. And from the fascination of stacking them, putting them together and celebrating, discovering and inhabiting the space. The efficiency of the location was sought, the accessibility to the matter, limiting the effort.

instructors
Diego Pinochet, Lavender Tessmer, (Brandon Clifford, Coord.)
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
RF 1-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

Making Ingredients is an explorative fabrication studio dedicated to producing vibrant, spatially rich installations in celebration of reinhabiting our physical space at MIT. The studio will draw on references that range from architectural fabrication research to street art and its ability to transform the built environment through colors, patterns, and light.

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

CONFLICT AND CRISIS CULTURE

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
tent. TR 2-5 (3-415 studio)
prerequisites
4.153
description

This studio will bring together the worlds of fashion, design and technology by exploring the topic of an ‘interactive intelligent skin.’ This studio will be taught as a collaboration between HTW in Berlin & MIT.

instructors
units
0-10-11 G
schedule
TR 1-6 (studio)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

As people increasingly live alone in cities and urgent social and environmental issues demand collective action, urban models of co-living globally emerge as an imperative to pool resources and strengthen social resilience.

instructors
units
9 G
schedule
()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Subject canceled for Fall 2021.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
W 2-5 (10-401)
prerequisites
description

Through formal analysis and discussion of historical and theoretical texts, seminar produces a map of contemporary architectural practice. Examines six pairs of themes in terms of their recent history: city and global economy, urban plan and map of operations, program and performance, drawing and scripting, image and surface, and utopia and projection.

instructors
Skylar Tibbits, Rania Kaadan
units
2-0-1 G
schedule
W 9-11 (7-429)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

The SMArchS Colloquium is a requirement for all first year students in the postgraduate SMArchS programs: Architectural Design; Architecture and Urbanism; Building Technology; Design and Computation; History, Theory and Criticism of Architecture and Art; and the Aga Khan Program for Islamic Architecture.

instructors
Robert Mohr, Rebecca Berry
units
3-0-3 G
schedule
F 9-12 (1-135)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Professional Practice gives a critical orientation towards a career in architectural practice. Through case studies, interviews, critical discussions on urgent topics, and role-playing exercises, the course challenges students to explore a range of legal, ethical, political, and professional questions they will face in practice.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
W 2-5 (1-150)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Critical introduction to key contemporary positions in urbanism to the ends of researching, representing, and designing territories that respond to the challenges of the 21st century.

instructors
units
3-3-0 U/G
schedule
()
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

This subject has been canceled for Fall 2021.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
1st mtg TBA (TBA)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Considers a new interdisciplinary paradigm of practice that regards dialogue among practitioners and users essential for efficacious and creative design and planning process. Focuses on non-traditional client groups: communities, the poor, and the generally excluded middle-income.

instructors
Mary Anne Ocampo, Marie Law Adams
units
4-2-2 G
schedule
F 9-1, W 6-9 (10-485, 9-554)
prerequisites
description

NOTE: This is a half-term subject occurring during first half of term.

instructors
Marie Law Adams, Mary Anne Ocampo
units
5-3-4 G
schedule
F 9-1, W 6-9 (10-485)
prerequisites
4.240 or 11.328
description

NOTE: This is a half-term subject occurring during second half of term.

instructors
Lawrence Vale
units
3-0-9 U
schedule
MW 11-12:30 (56-114)
prerequisites
description

Examines the evolving structure of cities and the way that cities, suburbs, and metropolitan areas can be designed and developed. Surveys the ideas of a wide range of people who have addressed urban problems. Stresses the connection between values and design. Demonstrates how physical, social, political and economic forces interact to shape and reshape cities over time.

instructors
Brent Ryan
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
TR 9:30-11 (9-354)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Addresses the field of urban design, how cities have developed, the relationship of urban design to society, and how cities are being designed and developed around the world. Comprised of four units providing insights on how history and theory of city design has evolved in contemporary cities.

instructors
Garnette Cadogan
units
2-0-7 G
schedule
T 6-8 (9-450A)
prerequisites
description

The modern city — with its attractive industry, infectious vitality, strange solitudes, and wide human contrasts — gathers peoples and forces with such dynamism that it is as incomprehensible as it is interesting. How, then, do we thoughtfully grasp and represent its animating tensions?

instructors
Sarah Williams
units
1-1-1 G
schedule
W 1-2:30 (E14-140L)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Note schedule change: Class now meets W 1-2:30 pm

instructors
units
1-2-3 G
schedule
W 2-4, R 4-5 (3-329)
prerequisites
4.151, 4.152
description

Course Description

instructors
Alena Titova
units
3G
schedule
TR 5:30-7:30, July 20-Aug 10 (Virtual)
prerequisites
description

Note: Workshop occurs in Summer 2021 but registration is for the Fall 2021 term.

instructors
James Brice, Bella Carmelita Carriker
units
3G
schedule
TF 1:30-3, July 13-August 13 (Virtual)
prerequisites
description

Note: Workshop occurs in Summer 2021 but registration is for the Fall 2021 term.

Art Culture and Technology

instructors
units
3-3-6 U
schedule
WR 2-5 (E15-207)
prerequisites
description

This course is an introduction to artistic practice and critical visual thinking. Through hands-on and maker-kit demos (sculpture, mould-making, sewing, cold connections), quick brainstorms, readings, guest lectures, presentations, and project-driven explorations, students explore topics that interest them and that relate to the theme.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G / 3-3-6 G
schedule
()
prerequisites
Undergraduates: 4.301 or 4.302 or permission of instructor
description

Subject canceled for Fall 2021.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G / 3-3-3 G
schedule
MW 9:30-12:30 (E15-001)
prerequisites
description

Explores three-dimensional art work, including sculptures and installations, from design to model to finished piece. Addresses challenges associated with design and fabrication, process, context, and relationships between objects, the body, and physical or cultural environments. Lectures, screenings, field trips, readings, and debates supplement studio practice.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G / 3-3-3 G
schedule
TR 9:30-12:30 (E15-054)
prerequisites
G: permission of instructor
description

This introductory course in photography and related media provides foundations in visual theory and practical instructions in the fundamentals of various camera formats and digital imaging. It fosters—both theoretically and practically—media literacy, from analogue to digital imaging.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G / 3-3-3 G
schedule
T 2-5 (E15-054)
prerequisites
UG: 4.341 or permission of instructor, G: 4.342 or permission of instructor
description

This advanced photography course is designed for students who wish to explore photography, images and archives, as tools and resources for artistic practices. The course focuses on the use of archival images in photographic practices while encouraging students to explore analog, digital and new technologies.

instructors
units
3-3-6 U/G / 3-3-3 G
schedule
()
prerequisites
description

Subject canceled for Fall 2021

instructors
Marisa Jahn, James Paradis
units
2-3-7 U
schedule
M 10-12, W 9-12 (Virtual, 56-180)
prerequisites
description

Co-sponsored by Comparative Media Studies/Writing (School of Humanities, Art, and Social Science) and Art, Culture, Technology (School of Architecture)

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
F 9-10 (E15-207)
prerequisites
description

Introduces foundational texts in contemporary theory and criticism at the intersection of art, culture, and technology. Through presentations and discussions, students explore the necessary methodological perspectives required of an interdisciplinary approach to artistic practices. Subject spans fall and IAP terms.

instructors
units
3-3-12 G
schedule
MF 2-5 (E15-001)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Explores the theory and criticism of intersections between art, culture, and technology in relation to contemporary artistic practice, critical design, and media. Students consider methods of investigation, documentation, and display and explore modes of communication across disciplines.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
W 2-5 (E15-001)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

Seminar or lecture on a topic in visual arts that is not covered in the regular curriculum. Requires original research and presentation of oral and written reports and/or design projects, varying at the discretion of the instructor. 

Building Technology

instructors
units
3-2-7 U / 3-2-4 G
schedule
LEC: MW 11-12:30, LAB: 4.401: F 11-12, LAB: 4.464: F 10-11 (LEC: 9-354, LAB 4.401 in 8-205, Lab 4.464 in 8-205)
prerequisites
description

Note: Labs are now in room 8-205

instructors
units
2-3-7 U / 3-0-9 G
schedule
W 9:30-11, M 2-5 (1-132, TBA)
prerequisites
UG: 8.01, 18.01; G: permission of instructor
description

Focuses on the design, analysis, and application of technologies that support the construction of less expensive and better performing schools in developing countries. Prepares students to design or retrofit school buildings in partnership with local communities and NGOs.

instructors
units
3-0-9 U/G / 3-0-6 G
schedule
W 2-5 (3-133)
prerequisites
UG: 4.440 or 2.001 or 1.050 and 6.00 or 1.000 or permission of instructor; G: 4.462 or permission of instructor
description

Research seminar focusing on emerging applications of computation for creative, early-stage structural design and optimization for architecture.

instructors
units
3-2-4 G
schedule
MW 9:30-11, F 10-12 (1-150, 3-133)
prerequisites
4.462 or 4.440 or permission of instructor
description

Addresses advanced structures, exterior envelopes, and contemporary production technologies. Continues the exploration of structural elements and systems, expanding to include more complex determinate, indeterminate, long-span, and high-rise systems. Topics include reinforced concrete, steel and engineered-wood design, and an introduction to tensile systems.

instructors
units
2-0-1 G
schedule
R 3-5 (5-415)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Fundamental research methodologies and ongoing investigations in building technology to support the development of student research projects. Topics drawn from low energy building design and thermal comfort, building systems analysis and control, daylighting, structural design and analysis, novel building materials and construction techniques and resource dynamics.

instructors
units
2-0-1 U
schedule
R 12:30-2 (TBA)
prerequisites
description
instructors
units
2-0-4 U
schedule
T 3-5 (38-501)
prerequisites
description

Welcome to MIT! If you are coming because you love building, let this seminar be your red carpet. You will be meeting once a week with two faculty, Profs. Steve Leeb (Electrical Engineering and Computer Science) and Les Norford (Architecture), who love building cool systems. We will learn about MIT together while we are understanding and building exciting systems that use and convert energy.

instructors
Lauren Gideonse, Adriana Giorgis
units
3G
schedule
1st mtg T June 29, 12-2, June 29-Aug 3 (Virtual)
prerequisites
description

Note: Workshop occurs in Summer 2021 but registration is for the Fall 2021 term.

When did buildings become disposable? The contemporary built landscape in the United States is an artifact of a marked devaluation of energy, material, labor, and time. The average lifespan of a commercial structure in the US today is about 50 years.

Computation

instructors
units
2-2-8 U
schedule
M 9:30-11, W 7-8:30 (1-134)
prerequisites
description

Introduces 3-D CAD modeling to students with little or no experience in design or computation. Teaches surface, solid and mesh modeling techniques combined with a variety of modeling applications, from 3D printing to CNC fabrication and 3D rendering. Includes weekly modeling assignments leading up to a final project.

instructors
units
3-2-7 U/G
schedule
M 12:30-3, M 7-8:30 (1-150, 3-329)
prerequisites
UG: 4.500, G: permission of instructor
description

This course provides an opportunity to undertake a design and visualization project with an emphasis on the use of computer graphics animation, interactive content, and video production media. Students will be introduced to advanced visualization and video editing software, and explore the relationships between spatial design and its representation in motion graphics format.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
M 9:30-12:30 (1-132)
prerequisites
description

An in-depth introduction to shape grammars and their applications in architecture and related areas of design. Shapes in the algebras Ui j, in the algebras Vi j and Wi j incorporating labels and weights, and in algebras formed as composites of these. Rules and computations, shape and structure, designs.

instructors
Kent Larson
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
W 2-5 (E14-636)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Focuses on architectural and mobility interventions that respond to changing patterns of living, working, and transport. Emphasizes mass-customized housing, autonomous parking, charging infrastructure, and shared-use networks of lightweight electric vehicles (LEVs). Students work in small teams and are lead by researchers from the Changing Places group.

instructors
units
2-2-2 G / 2-2-5 G / 2-2-8 G
schedule
W 5-7 (7-304)
prerequisites
4.562, 4.564 or permission of instructor
description

Develop independent projects in the study of digital media as it relates to architectural design. Students propose a project topic such as digital design tool, modeling and visualization, motion graphics, interactive design, design knowledge representation and media interface.

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
T 9:30-12:30 (5-231)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Explores the varied nature, history and practice of computation in design through lectures, readings, small projects, discussions, and guest visits by Computation group faculty and others. Topics may vary from year to year.

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
T 9:30-12:30 (5-232)
prerequisites
4.581: permission of instructor; 4.582: 4.580 or permission of instructor
description

4.581: Proseminar in Computation: Introduction to traditions of research in design and computation scholarship.
4.582: Research Seminar in Computation: In-depth presentations of current research in design and computation.

 

 

instructors
units
3-0-0 G
schedule
M 6:30-8 (4-144)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Group discussions and presentation of ongoing graduate student research in the Computation program.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
1st mtg 9/10, 9 am (3-329)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

In this workshop, students develop independent projects in immersive media as it relates to architectural design and spatial storytelling. We will consider technologies of immersion including VR/AR, web-based experiences, sound installations, and virtual production workflows.

instructors
Sahil Mohan
units
3G
schedule
1st mtg R 6/24, 7-8 pm, June 24-Aug 12 (Virtual)
prerequisites
description

Note: Workshop occurs in Summer 2021 but registration is for the Fall 2021 term.

History Theory and Criticism

instructors
units
3-0-9 U / 3-0-6 G
schedule
TR 11-12:30 (5-134)
prerequisites
G: permission of instructor
description

Examines modern architecture, art, and design in the context of the political, economic, aesthetic, and cultural changes that occurred in the twentieth century. Presents foundational debates about social and technological aspects of modern architecture and the continuation of those debates into contemporary architecture.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
M 2-5 (3-133)
prerequisites
4.645 or permission of instructor
description

Studies the interrelationship of theory, history, and practice. Looks at theory not as specialized discourse relating only to architecture, but as touching on many issues, whether they be cultural, aesthetic, philosophical, or professional. Topics and examples are chosen from a wide range of materials, from classical antiquity to today.

instructors
units
3-0-9 U
schedule
TR 11-12:30 (3-133)
prerequisites
description

A review of the history of Islamic architecture, this course spans fifteen centuries and three continents: Asia, Africa, and Europe.  It depicts architecture as an embodiment of the historical conditions within which Islam was formed and acquired meaning, and to which it in turn gave form and context.  Building techniques, material, styles, decoration, religion, society, polity, culture, patron

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
W 2-5 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

For empires as for literatures, perhaps it will not be too long before the Orient is called upon to play a role in the Occident.

-Victor Hugo, Les Orientales, 1829

instructors
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
F 9-12 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

A survey of systems theories since the seventeenth or eighteenth century. As a rule, system theories privilege exchanges, relations, and equilibriums between control and freedom. This “regulatory” impetus makes them particularly useful for the institutional, disciplinary, state and market building processes that go into the make-up of modern power.

instructors
units
3-0-9 U / 4-0-5 G / 4-0-8 G
schedule
F 2-5 (5-216)
prerequisites
description

Investigation of visual culture in the nineteenth century with an emphasis on Western Europe, the United States, and Japan. Topics include art and industry, artists and urban experience, empire and its image, and artistic responses to new technologies from the telegraph to the steam engine to the great refractor telescope.

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
M 10-1 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Studies theoretical and historiographical works pertaining to the fields of art and architectural history. Members of seminar pursue work designed to examine their own presuppositions and methods.

instructors
units
3-0-9 G
schedule
T 2-5 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of instructor
description

Art and Science are pursuits that look at each other across a divide in how knowledge is produced, that was itself created in the crucible of modernity.

instructors
units
3-0-6 G
schedule
()
prerequisites
description

Subject canceled for Fall 2021.

instructors
Huma Gupta
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
R 2-5 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

Seminar examining the relationship between political ecology, ecological crises, and the process of (de)colonizing rural, urban, and extraterrestrial spaces. Students will critically analyze contemporary proposals for decolonial ecologies, ranging from ecology thinking in architectural design to indigenous climate plans.

instructors
Huma Gupta
units
3-0-6 G / 3-0-9 G
schedule
TR 9:30-11 (5-216)
prerequisites
Permission of Instructor
description

Examines the contemporary challenges and history of city planning in the Global South on three continents - Africa, Asia, and South America. Students study a number of city plans, from the ‘informal’ settlements of Delhi and Nairobi, the modernist master plans of Brasilia and Baghdad, to climate action plans in various cities.